Glass Patents UK class 56 - 1860


CLASS 56, GLASS. — From Bound volume 1855-1900, printed 1905

Patents have been granted in all cases, unless otherwise stated. Drawings accompany the Specification where the abridgment is illustrated and also where the words Drawings to Specification follow the date.

{Glass-Study: Redrawn images are ©2008 F. E. Andrews. Layout ©2008 (F Andrews). All text is in the public domain. Pagination is ignored as only reference needed for citation is year and Patent Number.}

A.D. 1860.

Patent Abridgment 1860 54

54. Chance, H., and Howell, T. Jan. 7.

Delivering molten metal. — The glass is melted in a pot a having an opening b, which, during the process of melting, is closed by internal and external stoppers d, e. When the glass is ready for pouring, the stoppers are removed, and, after skimming the glass, a delivery nozzle c is fitted in the opening b and the joint made tight. The nozzle is provided with a shield f, to prevent foreign matter, such as bits of clay, from falling from the top of the pot on to the glass poured out.


Patent Abridgment 1860 107

107. Smith, W. Jan. 14.

Transparencies. — A film of collodion, to which a design has been transferred, is mounted on a sheet of glass by pasting paper around the edges of the glass, and attaching the film by varnish or cement to the paper. Or, it may be placed between two sheets of glass, the edges of which are secured by pasting a strip of paper round them. Or, it may be mounted in a frame or stretcher by attaching the edges of the film to the frame or stretcher. To render the collodion tougher and more transparent, it may be boiled with castor oil and Canada balsam, before being used.
Patent Abridgment 1860 118

118. Brooman, R. A., [Paraf-Javal, B.] Jan. 17.

Transparent and translucent materials. — Gluten made by a special process is employed for making imitations in glass.
Patent Abridgment 1860 142

142. Gray, T. Jan. 20.

[Provisional protection only.]

Moulding; blowing. — Hollow glass articles, such as are known as goblets, “ales,” “wines,” and the like, are formed in one piece without a seam, by moulding and blowing operations. The articles

are first moulded in a mould made in one piece ; a peg projects upwards from the bottom of the mould to form a recess in the bottom part of the stem, which is subsequently opened out by blow­ing and flattening with tools to form the foot of the article.
Patent Abridgment 1860 149

149. La Ferté, F. J. J. de, [Garnier, H., partly.] Jan. 20.

Ornamenting. — Relates to the reproduction of photographic and other pictures, engravings, prints, and designs, on glass, pottery, &c. A sticky sensitive composition, which hardens when acted on by light, is made of bichromate of ammonia, or other chromium salt, honey, treacle, sugar, or other sticky organic substance, distilled water, and albumen. The composition is applied to the plate or article, dried, printed on photographically, and vitreous colour, which adheres to the sticky parts not acted on by the light, is applied by a brush. The picture or design is washed with an acid solution of spirits of wine, dried, washed with an alkaline solution, and fixed by firing. Polychromes are produced by two or more printing-processes, and one or more firing-operations. Prints on paper are made translucent by waxing the paper.
Patent Abridgment 1860 300

300. Lespadin, F. Feb. 4.

[Provisional protection only.]

Blowing and moulding bottles, &c. — Decanters, bottles, drinking glasses, &c., are formed in brass moulds of polygonal section. The glass is blown into the mould, and the article is turned round in the mould, so that while increasing in size, the article continues touching tangentially the inner surfaces of the mould.
Patent Abridgment 1860 434

434. Westwood, E. Feb. 17.

Bottle necks, making; moulding; shaping. — For retaining corks in bottles, the necks are made with internal annular corrugations, as shown in Fig. 7, into which the cork swells, thus making a tight joint. For shaping the necks, outer moulding spring clips F, attached by nuts N to a stay rod M, may be pressed down in guides I on to the outside of the bottle neck during manufac­ture, while at the same time an inner corru­gated metallic core F, also fixed to the spindle M, can be opened by levers L working on studs and pivot centres H and H1. The shaping instrument is then rotated to mould the neck, after which the springs are released, the core caused to collapse, and the instrument withdrawn.


Patent Abridgment 1860 462

462. Sowerby, J., and Neville, S. Feb. 20.

[Provisional protection only.]

Moulding. — Moulds for making glass articles, in which the glass is compressed in a space between an outer mould and a central plug, are made with the body provided with pins, which enter corresponding holes made in the bottom of the mould. A flange is made on the top of the plug to determine the thickness of the glass at the top or rim. With this construction, the top ring, upright hinge, and catch usually employed are dispensed with.
Patent Abridgment 1860 508

508. Johnson, J. H., [Hartell T. E., and Hay, A. K.] Feb. 24.

Moulding. — Relates to bottle and jar caps or stoppers provided with projections x, Fig. 7, which are engaged with inclined surfaces on projections y, Fig. 8, from the neck of a bottle or jar. Fig. 2 shows a horizontal section of a two-part mould in which the cap B is made. Owing to the retracted position of bolts a in the die C, vertical ribs x are formed on the stopper and, subsequently, by turning a cam d or its equivalent, the bolts a are moved outwards, whereby a considerable portion of the ribs is forced back into the body of the cap, leaving only projections of the length shown in Fig. 7. This mould also serves to make similar projections on the inside of a bottle neck, to be engaged with inclined surfaces on the exterior of a cap or stopper.


Patent Abridgment 1860 563

563. Wilson, G. Feb. 29.

[Provisional protection only.]

Moulding. — Screw caps or covers for bottles or jars are moulded from glass, by means of a die or mould consisting of a hollow block tapped through its centre to receive a vertical screw-threaded core, and fitted on its upper face with a removable ring, which in cross-section corresponds with the contour of the cap or cover. A plunger mounted in guides above the mould is shaped on its underside to the form to be given to the cap or cover, and may also be formed with a raised or countersunk pattern. The plunger is operated by a lever or “fly,” and the core is provided with a handle &c., by which it is raised into and withdrawn from the mould. After the cap has been formed by forcing down the plunger on to the plastic material in the mould, the core is lowered to release it from the cap, which is then free to be removed. For coarse ware, the core may be fixed, and the removable ring or profile die made in two or more pieces.
Patent Abridgment 1860 832

832. Stelzl, B. March 31.

Transparencies. — Surfaces of glass, wood, wall plaster, and other materials are coated for ornamenting purposes with compositions having an alkaline silicate as basis. When suitable colours are used for the ground, white designs may be produced by hydrochloric acid; the glass is then wiped, coated with a mixture of potassium silicate and lime water, and dried at about 80° C. Any surface, e.g. ground glass, may be painted in different colours,and various ornaments produced, which may be used for transparencies for illuminations.
Patent Abridgment 1860 1129

1129. Newton, W. E., [Manning, R.H.]. May 7.

Materials. — Oxide of zinc, used in combination with oxide of nickel, which acts as a decolorizing-agent, is substituted for oxide of lead in the manufacture of flint glass, and is mixed in various proportions with silica and alkali to form the “batch” in the usual manner.
Patent Abridgment 1860 1296

1296. Hubart, A., and Cantillon, V. May 25.

Blowing; moulding. — Glass casks of a capacity less than 5œ galls. are blown as described in Specification No. 2663, A.D. 1859, in a mould formed in two parts, as shown in Fig. 1. The tap hole is subsequently pierced by a red hot iron while the glass is still in a hot state.
Patent Abridgment 1860 1555

1555. Peppé, G. T. June 26.

Shaping; moulding; flattening. — A glass disc with a hollow periphery, for clocks and watches, levels, and weighing-apparatus, is constructed as follows:— The glass is first blown into a globe, and partially flattened by flashing. It is then opened and further flattened by flashing and tools, until the margin of the opening has reached to within such a distance from the periphery of the flattened globe as will allow for the formation of a hollow ring of the required internal capacity, by pressing and turning inwards the edge of the opened side till it comes in contact with, and adheres to, the opposite side. Or, after flattening, the globe may be placed in a mould, and the adhesion of the adjacent sides effected by a piston, operating on the central portion of the mould. The resulting vessel is shown in section in Fig. 2.
Patent Abridgment 1860 2079

2079. Kilner, C., Kilner, G., Kilner, W., and Kilner, J. Aug. 28.

Blowing and moulding bottles. — Moulds for bottles are made in two parts, F, G, Fig. 1, hinged and dowelled together, with a movable bottom D, and a cover E, provided with a blast pipe H. The bottom is raised by a counterbalanced lever arrangement. Hot metal is introduced at the mouth, the cover is put on, and the bottom D descends as the bottle is blown.
Patent Abridgment 1860 2232

2232. Gedge, W. E., [Bénèche, J.]. Sept. 14.

[Provisional protection only.]

Transparencies; transparent and translucent materials. — A picture or design is produced on a sheet of transparent gelatine by lithography, photography, or by a pencil or brush, the gelatine is secured to a sheet of glass by a colourless resinous preparation, designs cut from sheets of coloured gelatine are applied, the surface is coated with the resinous preparation, a sheet of glass is applied, and the whole is placed in a press to form a compound sheet in imitation of stained or painted glass.
Patent Abridgment 1860 2866

2866. Venables, J. Nov. 23.

Ornamenting. — Coloured earthenware or vitreous ornamentations, in relief or inlaid, are produced on the surfaces of glass or other articles by means of cut-through pattern plates or thick stencils, used directly and alone, or in connection with moulds and presses or transfer papers; the ornaments are hardened and fixed by firing.
Patent Abridgment 1860 3117

3117. Blake, O. Dec. 19.

Moulding; rolling. — Plate glass is cast on a large roller provided with an epicyclic spreading roller, adjustable to give different thicknesses of plate. A receiving-table moves under the large roller at a speed equal to the peripheral speed of the roller.