Glass Patents UK class 56 - 1862


CLASS 56, GLASS. — From Bound volume 1855-1900, printed 1905

Patents have been granted in all cases, unless otherwise stated. Drawings accompany the Specification where the abridgment is illustrated and also where the words Drawings to Specification follow the date.

{Glass-Study: Redrawn images are ©2008 F. E. Andrews. Layout ©2008 (F Andrews). All text is in the public domain. Pagination is ignored as only reference needed for citation is year and Patent Number.}

A.D. 1862.

Patent Abridgment 1862 86  

86. Wilkinson, W. Jan. 11. [Provisional protection only.]

Transparencies; transparent materials. — Relates to ornamenting metals, glass, porcelain, parchment and other skins, and to protecting designs, pictures, woven fabrics, lace, and wire gauze between sheets of glass or on metals. The design is placed on glass, and its face is brushed with a transparent cement composed of gum arabic, white wax, colouring matters, and linseed or olive oil. A second sheet of glass is brushed over on one side with linseed oil, the aforesaid design is removed to it, and its back is brushed with linseed or olive oil. The margin of each sheet of glass is now coated with a strong opaque paint, and this when dry is coated with a cement, by which the two sheets are connected together. Instead of using two glass plates, the back of the design may be protected by a waterproof varnish or cement; or, it may be silvered or covered with tin plate and then painted. The design may be printed upon paper or other fabric in gold, silver, and the like, the paper being subsequently coloured. The invention is applicable to buttons and jewellery, and also to pictures, windows, window blinds, panels for rooms, doors, ceilings, cornices, cornice poles, fire screens, mantelpieces, and floors, by fixing the ornamented glass in metal or wood frames.

Patent Abridgment 1862 184  

184. Clark, W., [Favier, J. D. A.]. Jan. 24.

Transparent and translucent materials. — A transparent or translucent appearance is given to artificial flowers &c., by dipping the finished articles in vegetable or other wax, paraffin, stearic acid, animal or other fatty matter, or resinous varnish. The flowers &c. are made from a material consisting of two tissues of paper, textile fabrics, or goldbeaters' skin, with an interposed layer of india-rubber.

Patent Abridgment 1862 998  

998. Monckton, E. H. C. April 8.

Shaping; rolling; finishing; drawing. — Orifices of definite size are formed in glass tubes by first sealing these on fine round, flat, or other silver or other wires, and afterwards dissolving out the wires with acid. Glass tubes are rendered uniform by heating, inserting mandrels, and either drawing them through rings, or rolling them between two parallel heated metal plates, one of which is guided over the other by a sliding frame. The tubes and orifices are for use in liquid clocks.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1005  

1005. Cobley, T., and Wright, J. April 8.

Materials. — The finely-divided silicious residue from the metallurgical treatment of gold and silver ores is washed, and used as a substitute for flint in the manufacture of glass.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1238  

1238. Newton, A. V., [Atterbury, J. S., Atterbury, T. B., and Reddick, J.]. April 26.

Blowing; moulding; pressing; ornamenting; reheating; shaping. — Relates to the manufacture and ornamentation of hollow glass articles, such as glass bowls, lamp globes, drinking tumblers, &c, by operations of pressing and blowing, successively carried out in the same mould. In making a lamp globe, molten glass is poured into the plain lower section A, Fig. 2, of a mould, and a plunger A2, having the required ornamentation d in relief, is lowered on to it. An upper hinged section of the mould is then placed in position, and opened to receive a parison of the upper part of the lamp globe, which is then blown out over the lower section previously formed, the blowing being continued until the top of the lamp globe is blown out in the upper section of the mould. An ornamental glass article is thus formed with plain internal and external surfaces. In a modification, the upper part of the mould is dispensed with, the article being finished by warming in the fire, and shaping with suitable tools, after a coating of glass has been blown over the ornamental lower portion, as described above. If desired, the ornamentation may be formed on the internal surface of the mould, the plunger in this case having a plain surface. In the manufacture of articles with flared mouths, such as tumblers, the ornamentation is coated with glass, as described above, and the mouths are then finished with "shears" or other tools. In manufacturing lamp globes &c. with ornamentation in relief on their outer surfaces, a mould E, Fig. 8, formed with suitable ornamentation, such as radial ribs F, which will not stop the flow of the glass, is placed over a core D1; molten coloured glass is poured into the upper cylindrical part H of the mould, and a plunger is forced into the mould, so as to force the glass into the space between the ribs F and the core D1. A skeleton w, Fig. 14, of the lower part of lamp globe is thus formed. The mould E, with the plunger and skeleton article, is lifted off the core D1, and inverted, when the upper part of the lamp globe is added as described above, the glass being first blown over the lower ribbed portion. The articles may, if desired, be formed by pressing only ; for example, in making a goblet, a skeleton of the lower portion is formed as described above, and the goblet bowl is then pressed on to the skeleton.


Patent Abridgment 1862 1400  

1400. Haseler, G. C. May 10.

Transparent materials. — "Parkesine" is used as a substitute for glass in the manufacture of articles of jewellery.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1442  

1442. Sivewrigrht, J. May 13. [Provisional protection only.]

Rolling. — In rolling plate glass, the bed of the table has shallow ribs on its face. The roller may have similar projections on its surface, these being either simple bands round the roller or in the form of a spiral from end to end. The surface of glass thus rolled cools comparatively even.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1588  

1588. Tolhausen, F., [Heinhold, E.]. May 27.

Forming articles with wire skeletons. — Wire gauze is shaped to any required form, such as a bottle or decanter, and glass is blown into it.

Transparencies. — "Articles for transparent illumination" are made of wire or other metallic fabrics, or asbestos fabrics, with the interstices filled with transparent substances, such as varnish, gelatine, or india-rubber, which may be coloured by means of gum-lac colours mixed with varnish or gelatine. Pigments may be applied to render the materials impervious. Or, the metallic or asbestos fabrics may be glazed, vitrified, or enamelled with silicious matters. The fabrics so treated may be ornamented with an enamelled design. In one process of manufacture, pulverized "crystalline" matter mixed with suitable acids or fluxes is spread over wire gauze, and then baked in a porcelain furnace. Colours may be mixed with the "crystalline" matter, or applied after baking. The material may also be "ornamented" with "glass colours and gilt by fire." Instead of using pulverized "crystalline"matter, the wire gauze may be immersed in a "crystalline" solution, and then treated by a process "similar to silvering glasses."

Patent Abridgment 1862 1752  

1752. Salviati, A., [Radi, L.]. June 12.

Ornamenting. — Molten glass, or a hot softened sheet of glass or enamel, is applied to a thin ornamental sheet of gold, silver, or the like, and a thin facing-plate of glass is applied over the metal, to enclose it and protect it from the atmosphere. Names or inscriptions may be cut out of the sheet metal; or, imitation mosaic work may be produced in the same way. The surface of the glass may be ornamented in relief by dies or rollers, to produce mouldings &c.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1829  

1829. Yapp, G. W., [Mangin, V.]. June 21. [Provisional protection refused.]

Ornamenting. — Relates to chromolithographic printing on glass, earthenware, and china surfaces, and consists in blending colours to produce various tints, and in arranging them according to degree of fusibility.

Patent Abridgment 1862 1912  

1912. Easton, W., and Donkin, G. June 30.

Annealing. — Glass is annealed in a lear or annealing chamber, the glass being carried by chambers having an ascending and descending motion. The ascending chambers are heated and the descending chambers cooled. Fig. 1 is an elevation of the lear, one of the side walls being removed. The glass is loaded at A into chambers c, attached by iron straps d to an endless chain receiving motion from a pair of wheels D and guided by wheels E. The glass passes up through a limb a of the lear, which is heated by a furnace C; or, heat may also be admitted at A. The chambers c descend through a limb b of the lear, which is cooled by air passing through flues B provided with dampers for regulating the temperature, and, when a chamber reaches an opening F, the glass is taken out of it. Cold air may be prevented from passing into the lower ends of the limbs, and the temperature at the top of the limbs may be regulated if desired.


Patent Abridgment 1862 2050  

2050. Gossage, W. July 18. Drawings to Specification.

Materials. — Sodium or potassium silicate for use in glass making is obtained by passing a mixture of furnace gases, air, and steam, over solid sodium or potassium chloride, thereby volatilizing it, and then passing the mixed vapours through a granular mass of natural substances, such as flint nodules, granite, or felspar, which contain silica. This mass has previously been intensely heated by the passage of furnace gases mixed with air through it, and in consequence decomposition ensues, fluid silicate being drawn off from the furnace.

Patent Abridgment 1862 2069  

2069. Green, J. W., [Heckert, C.]. July 21. [Provisional protection only.]

Cutting glass; polishing. - The sheet or plate of glass is heated in a muffle oven until soft, and then transferred into a draught oven and further heated. It is then put beneath a press, which cuts the edges as desired and, by pressure, produces a fine polish. The glass is afterwards allowed to cool slowly.

Patent Abridgment 1862 2187  

2187. Webb, T. G, Aug. 1.

Materials. — In obtaining metal for flint glass, sulphate or chloride of potassium is used in place of, or in combination with, the carbonate usually employed. In carrying out the process, potassium sulphate, for example, mixed with sand or the like is fused, cooled, mixed with sand and metallic oxides, and again fused. The first fusion may be facilitated by the addition of carbonaceous matters.

Patent Abridgment 1862 2339  

2339. Boubée, A, Aug. 21. [Provisional protection only.]

Moulding; rolling; blowing; ornamenting. — In the manufacture of glass objects, such as handles for umbrellas and walking-sticks, ornaments, figures, lamp glasses, watch glasses, either coloured or plain, or in imitation of polished stone, precious stones, &c., a mould formed in two or more parts connected together by spring hinges is used, the mould containing the molten glass being compressed by a screw or clamp. For glass objects of various colours, the glass is taken from the melting pot and mixed on a marble slab before moulding. For a surface to represent polished stone, the molten glass is rolled in pulverized enamel, and subsequently moulded. The mould is fitted with a core for the handles of umbrellas and walking-sticks, to form an aperture for the reception of the stick. For lamp glasses and watch glasses, the glass is blown into the mould by a blowing tube. The lamp glasses may be formed with variously coloured or enamel-surfaced projections.

Patent Abridgment 1862 2577  

2577. Maw, G. Sept. 19.

Moulding. — Tapered glass tesserae for mosaics are moulded face downwards in a perforated mould-plate laid on a faceplate. For producing under-cut forms, the mould-plate is made of sections. The tesserae may be produced by stamping, by a perforated plate or die, and the pieces may be separated by fracture, or by cutting with a diamond.

Patent Abridgment 1862 3080  

3080. Whitburn, H. B. Nov. 15. [Provisional protection only.]

Obtaining metal. — English sand is purified for glass-making purposes, by calcining or roasting it in open or closed stoves or ovens, which may be heated by the waste gases of furnaces, coke ovens, &c.

Patent Abridgment 1862 3230  

3230. Blumberg, G. F. Dec. 2.

Moulding. — Relates to making ornamented glass tiles or quarries. The proper quantity of metal is poured into a hot mould, and pressed by a plunger or roller having a raised design, which forms a corresponding cavity in the bottom of the tile. After annealing, the impressed design is painted or covered with painted paper, and the cavity filled with plaster of Paris or other suitable cement. The raised designs are made detachable from the plunger or roller, and for small tiles the design is attached to the lid of a suitably shaped box.

Patent Abridgment 1862 3260  

3260. Webb, T. G. Dec. 4.

Moulding bottles. — In making decanters, cruets, pickle jars, and toilets of flint glass, the upper parts or necks and the bottom parts are moulded separately, and afterwards reheated and joined. Guides are used so that the parts may be joined centrallv.