Glass Patents UK class 56 - 1863


CLASS 56, GLASS. — From Bound volume 1855-1900, printed 1905

Patents have been granted in all cases, unless otherwise stated. Drawings accompany the Specification where the abridgment is illustrated and also where the words Drawings to Specification follow the date.

{Glass-Study: Redrawn images are ©2008 F. E. Andrews. Layout ©2008 (F Andrews). All text is in the public domain. Pagination is ignored as only reference needed for citation is year and Patent Number.}

A.D. 1863.

Patent Abridgment 1863 184  

184. Boubée, A. Jan. 21.

Blowing; materials; moulding; obtaining metal; pressing; stained glass. — A mould for forming articles such as lamp globes &c., is of approximately spherical form, and is divided into three or more segments A, Fig. 1, jointed at B and held together by handles. The mould is placed upon an iron plate, and a bulb of glass is introduced upon the end of a blowing tube and blown in the mould. The glass may protrude from holes G in the sides of the mould, so as to form convex surfaces D for use as watch glasses, signal lights, lanterns, &c. Buttons, studs, knobs for doors, walking-sticks, umbrellas, &c., in imitation of agates, marbles, &c., are made from a fused mixture of powdered stones, saltpetre, and "salt of potash," with the addition of small quantities of malachite or the like, according to the colour desired. A bulb of the fused composition is placed between the dies F, which are secured to the spring jaws R of a vice or pair of pincers by the set-screws G. The jaws are then forced together by a nut N, so that the composition takes the form of the dies, the adjustable rod I forming a cavity for the insertion of a screw &c. in the finished knob. The same composition may be moulded in a hinged mould closed by hand pressure.


Patent Abridgment 1863 642  

642. Webb, T. G. March 6. Drawings to Specification.

Moulding; pressing. — Articles of pressed glass, such as butter coolers, custard cups, &c., are formed with a midfeather between the handle and the body of the glass article, the articles being formed in moulds with cavities into which the glass is pressed to form the midfeather.

Patent Abridgment 1863 720  

720. Wild, W. C, and Randel, J. H. March 18.

Ornamenting; moulding; materials. — Jewellery, ornaments, buttons, and other articles formed of glass or the like are inlaid with gold by placing the metal in a mould, into which molten glass or a vitreous composition is poured. The mould is then pinched with pliers to embed the metal in the glass, and the whole annealed ready for cutting and polishing. A suitable vitreous composition is prepared by mixing four parts of glass with two of enamel, and fuzing in a copper mould.

Patent Abridgment 1863 878  

878. Brooman, R. A., [Burnet, J. G. L.]. April 7.

Materials. — In a process for obtaining barium oxides, a mixture is obtained containing zinc oxide and barium carbonate, which may be used in glass-making.

Patent Abridgment 1863 1497  

1497. Petitjean, T. June 15. [Provisional protection only.]

Drawing. — In forming window glass, a glass cylinder (manchon) is suspended upon a frame, another frame of the same description being placed inside the cylinder. When the cylinder is heated, the outer frame falls, and the cylinder is drawn out. into two plane surfaces. The glass is then annealed and cut, and placed in a spreading furnace where the area of the plates may be increased. The frames employed are made from gas carbon, or powdered anthracite and a "metallic solution."

Patent Abridgment 1863 1684  

1684. Edwards, E. July 7.

Annealing; polishing. — An instrument for holding finger plates and similar articles made of glass during fire-polishing consists of a plate a, Fig. 1, freely jointed at c to the rod b, the end of which is made cruciform. When used for finger plates, the plate a is provided with a rim e. Fingerplates and other articles are annealed by cooling slowly in a special kiln.

Patent Abridgment 1863 1824  

1824. Duncan, C. S. July 21.

Annealing. — Relates to the application of molten metal for heating liquids or solids, including the annealing of glass and like articles. Molten lead, zinc, tin or other metal is contained within the space between an outer and an inner vessel, heat being applied to the outer vessel by means of a grate, stove, or furnace, and conducted by the molten metal to the inner vessel or chamber, in which the materials to be treated are placed, and exposed to an equalized heat without smoke. In the application of the apparatus for annealing glass, instead of using two vessels, a strong plate is placed on a dish filled with molten metal. The vessels are fitted with taps or cocks, for withdrawal of the metal, and the inner vessel may be withdrawn from the molten metal to regulate the heat.

Patent Abridgment 1863 2165  

2165. Pinner, M., [Süssegger, C.]. Sept. 2.
[Provisional protection only.]

Transparent and translucent materials. — Relates to the manufacture of a flexible translucent material as a substitute for glass. One pound of Russian or Prussian isinglass or of French gelatine is soaked for 24 hours in two quarts of rain or distilled water, the water being changed after 12 hours. The vessel containing the isinglass is then placed into a vessel with a hot water or steam jacket, and to it are added some hot water, in which one ounce each of gum arabic and rock candy have been dissolved, three-sixteenths of an ounce of oxalic acid, and two ounces of pure alcohol. The whole is well mixed and allowed to cool. A fabric is made from tinned wire webbing or flexible perforated metallic plates with about 16 to 20 meshes to the inch, and this is drawn through the above solution just before it thickens, and is then hung up to dry. When dry, it is coated with some transparent waterproof varnish,

Patent Abridgment 1863 2354  

2354. Helsby, W. G. Sept. 24. Drawings to Specification.

Transparencies. — A photographic transparency is mounted as a vignette by means of one or more sheets of coloured shaded or ornamental transparent or translucent material. One sheet of transparent material may be employed in front of the transparency, and a thin sheet of paper, cut to form a mask with plain or pectinated &c. edges to the opening, may be placed behind the transparency. The vignetting sheets, transparency, and protecting sheets are bound together, and mounted in a case for viewing or carriage.

Patent Abridgment 1863 2393  

2393. Chidley, J. J. Sept. 30.

Moulding; bottle necks, making. — Relates to a bottle terminating in a tubular cross-piece open at both ends for the reception of a hollow stopper with a hole in one of its sides through which the contents of the bottle can be emptied. This bottle is blown from glass in an ordinary divided mould, from one end of the cross-piece, which cross-piece forms part of the back half of the mould. The closed end of the cross-piece is then opened by grinding. The mould may be divided longitudinally as to the cross-piece, in which case the bottle is blown from a tubular opening in the centre of the upper surface of the cross-piece, at the middle of each side of which a slight swelling is allowed, to compensate for the thickening of the glass at that part, and to reduce friction on the stopper in turning it. In this case, both ends are opened by grinding, to admit the stopper, which is made in a mould by a lever press. "The thumb-piece should form the plunger."

Patent Abridgment 1863 3154  

3154. Rascol, E., [Petitjean, T.]. Dec. 14. [Provisional protection only.]

Drawing; flattening. — The cylinder of blown glass is hung horizontally on a straight rule, and a similar rule is placed inside the cylinder. When heated, the cylinder is drawn by the weight of the lower rule into two flat pieces, which are cooled, severed, and placed in a spreading furnace. The rules are not completely metallic, and may be composed of carbon similar to blacklead pencils, or the cylinders in the bunsen pile, or of gas carbon. They may be prepared by dipping a mixture of anthracite, previously baked, and smith's coal, in a solution of vegetable salt of iron and copper, and afterwards baking.